The elements of modern interior design are sophisticated and extremely distinctive

When it comes to interior design, words like “creativity”, “aesthetic talent” are often mentioned first. However, in reality, law interior designers always have “rules”, “principles” and elements that create a beautiful design to follow. It is an element that includes space, lines, shapes, light, colors, materials, and patterns. Foundation 7 Elementary 1 harmoniously enhances the aesthetics and conceals the flaws of the space. For any design content, these 7 elements of modern interior design are always important and scrutinized.

Elements of modern interior design

1. Space

Elements of modern interior design: space

Space is a basic element in interior design, it is necessary to understand what the space we design has advantages and disadvantages. Space is a difficult element to change, so it is necessary to make use of all we have. Interior design is working in 3D space environment. That space is minimalist, classic or in any style, depending on the design style.

Space can be divided into two types: solid and empty space. Solid space is the place to place furniture, decorations, electrical appliances. Empty space (also called open space, roads), with no or very few objects. Therefore, the harmonious combination of solid and empty space will make the room aesthetically pleasing, avoiding the feeling of clutter, excess or lack of furniture.

Elements of modern interior design : Space

Designers need to know the balance between customer requirements and space conditions. For example, the size of the objects placed in the room must be calculated, as they relate to the dense and empty space in the house (too large objects will take up traffic). Furniture also makes the space feel larger or smaller.

Different design styles will have different space requirements. Such as. Minimalist style will create more empty space than eclectic style. In short, balancing and harmonizing solid, empty space and interior layout will create an impressive style and ensure aesthetics.

2. Lines


The horizontal, vertical and “dynamic” lines together create the overall shape of the room and regulate our vision. Knowing how to combine lines created from furniture will make the space uniform or contrast.

Horizontal lines are created from dining tables, living room tables and other surfaces. Horizontal lines create a sense of stability, balance and solemnity. In interior design, horizontal lines make the space seem wider and longer. But if you abuse them, it will create a feeling of boredom and not breaking the way


Vertical lines make spaces feel taller, including windows and doors. They are commonly used in dining table lamps, entryways and office spaces. Unlike horizontal lines, using too many vertical lines will make homeowners feel insecure and anxious.

Dynamic lines include diagonal lines, zigzags, curves, etc. Representing dynamic lines are stairs, they create a feeling of movement and energy. They are more visually stimulating and attract attention than the other two lines, but too many dynamic lines will confuse the space, overwhelming the horizontal and vertical lines.


3. Shapes

Elements of modern interior design: Shapes

Shape includes the shape of the room, the shape of the objects in that room. In other words, shape refers to the 3-dimensional space of an object.

Human-made objects and shapes are often square and angular. Meanwhile, nature creates a richer variety of shapes and they all have their own laws. The shape can be solid or hollow or a stand-alone block. Another point to note is that the size of the object must be proportional to the size of the space.

Elements of modern interior design: Shapes

Using multiple objects of the same shape creates a sense of harmony and balance. On the contrary, if you use objects with many different shapes and do not know how to combine them, the space will be messy and not aesthetically pleasing. In a beautiful space, the dominant form should be repeated throughout, even in small objects

4. Light

elements of modern interior design
Elements of modern interior design: Light

Natural or artificial light is an important element in any space. If there is no light, it will not enhance the beauty of the space. Lighting is divided into many types: light for lighting (with functional purposes), accent light (emphasis on objects), color-changing light (switching according to mood, environment, temperature). ,…)….

When talking about lighting, the first is to meet the needs of use, lighting enough. Therefore, both quality and quantity must be considered. For example, an office space needs white light for employees to see clearly and work effectively. On the other hand, the family living room space can use softer colored light. The use of lights with adjustable intensity, bright areas will make the space more customizable, and can be used for many different purposes.


Natural light is always an important factor, we can adjust them through doors, windows, blinds, even mirrors.

In addition, each different functional space will have its own lighting requirements. For example, bakeries often use yellow light for bread to make them more attractive, and for jewelry, white light is used to increase the sparkle and beauty of the product. Good use of light will achieve efficiency in terms of functionality and aesthetics for the space.

5. Color

elements of modern interior design

Color is the next important element in interior design. The choice of colors has its own rules and they have the ability to express the uniformity and mood of the user, so they are always used by designers to the fullest.

According to psychology, the effect of color should not be underestimated, because it can recall memories, stimulate vision and create a response to our body. For example, blue and green colors create a feeling of peace and relaxation, so they are often used in the bedroom. Red creates appetite so is often used in the kitchen…

elements of modern interior design
Elements of modern interior design : Color

When choosing a color for a space, the first step is to clearly define the function and the activities that will take place. Secondly, it is necessary to consider how natural and artificial light affects the color of the space both day and night, can it express the message the owner wants to bring? Finally, consider the size of the room. Designers often use bright white colors for small spaces to create a feeling of openness and spaciousness. Dark colors will create accents for large spaces.

6. Materials

elements of modern interior design
Elements of modern interior design : Materials

The material requires direct contact with the surface to be felt. They are often overlooked, but materials really have the power to make a difference.

Like matching colors and patterns, choosing the right materials creates sophistication. The feeling of smoothness, roughness, roughness, etc. is all expressed through the material

elements of modern interior design

Materials come in two forms, perceived through sight and through touch. Visually perceived materials often come from decorative patterns on walls, carpets, sofas, etc. The form of tactile sensation can be mentioned as the fluff on the sofa, you have to sit in it to feel the softness of the fabric…

In general, if a space feels like it’s missing something or isn’t aesthetically pleasing, a good designer will think of missing or misused materials. Materials are all the pieces of furniture we bring into the space and create unity, contrast, aesthetic or counterproductive. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully consider the matter of materials in space.

7. Patterns

Along with colors, patterns are used to create accents for the space. Patterns are repetitive designs, often found in wallpapers, sofas, carpets, curtains, etc. There are many different patterns such as stripes, diagonal lines, polka dots, floral images, animations. object…

When using patterns, special attention should be paid to size and design style. For a small space, the patterns should be simple, not fussy to avoid disrupting the space. Patterns with horizontal or vertical stripes also make the space feel larger or taller. Patterns can be used on all walls, however, it is best used for 1 wall in a room. For a large space, a patterned wall will make a prominent highlight.

elements of modern interior design
Elements of modern interior design : Patterns

In terms of style, you have to choose a pattern that still retains the message you want to bring. With the traditional style should use natural motifs, flowers and leaves. With a modern style, geometric and abstract patterns should be prioritized

Patterns and textures will make the space more lively and lively. However, it is recommended to use at most 3 patterns and all should be the same color.